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What Is Malware?

29th November 2019

The first step to avoiding risks is being able to identify them! Here we explain some of the most common types of malware and advise on the best methods to try and avoid them.

For startes, let’s break down the jargon. Malware is an abbreviation for Malicious Software, designed to cause damage to your PC, Server or Network.

Types of Malware

  • Trojan Horse – A malicious computer program which misleads users of its true intent.
  • Worm – This form of malware can replicate itself in order to spread to other computers.
  • Spyware – Collects and shares information from a computer or network without the user’s consent.
  • Ransomware – Malware that threatens to publish the victim’s data or block access to it unless a ransom is paid.
  • Phishing – This is a fraudulent method of attempting to obtain sensitive information such as usernames, passwords and credit card details by disguising as a trustworthy source.

The Good Guys

Two-Factor Authentication (2FA) – Two-factor authentication is an extra layer of security designed to ensure the safety of online accounts beyond just a username and password. The second layer could be a security code being text to your mobile that you need to input to complete a login.

Virtual Private Network (VPN) – This creates a safe environment for sending and receiving data while connected to a shared or private network. For example, when using public Wi-Fi in a coffee shop. Having a VPN makes your device anonymous by masking its location and encrypting web traffic.

How to stay protected 

Anti-malware programs can easily detect advanced forms of malware and provide specific protection from ransomware attacks. They can spot, block and remove adware and spyware threats that don’t act like regular viruses, which might not be detected by an antivirus program.

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